Suraya Rahim Sobrang
Dr. Suraya Rahim Sobrang, born in Herat city of Afghanistan. She is human rights advocate and activist. Currently, a Commissioner in the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) where she is in charge of women’s rights protection and development and making an effort to give particular emphasis to the elimination of all forms of violence against women, the facilitation of access to justice and judicial organs and the building of institutions and networks that advocate women’s rights.
After her secondary education, she completed her higher education in the faculty of curative medicine, Kabul University of medical sciences. She has worked in the Aliabad and Malalai national maternity hospital. She then received training courses in the fields of management, women’s rights development, gender and psychology in Germany. Recently, she received her second higher post graduate degree in political science and international relation in Kabul.
After Bonn conference, she became Technical and Political Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and in 2005 started working as an advisor for the women’s rights protection and development unit of AIHRC, where later on, in Jan 2006, she was selected as a Commissioner. Besides having membership in different national and international societies, she participated in several regional and international conferences.
In 2010, she received the 6th Annual Front Line Award for Human Rights Defenders at Risk that was established to highlight the work of outstanding individuals who on a daily basis put their security and lives at risk defending the human rights of others.
Mohammad Ashraf Bakhteyari
Mohammad Ashraf Bakhteyari holds a master’s degree in criminal law and criminology. He is Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and Islamic theosophy and has higher education in Islamic science. He has received trainings in forensic archaeology, forensic anthropology and documentation of crime scene.
Bakhteyari is a university lecturer, forensic researcher and chief executive director of Afghanistan Forensic Science Organization. He is co-founder of civil society working groups alike of transitional justice working group, detention working group, civilian protection working group and protection of women against forced gynecological examinations.
He has numerous achievements in human rights, humanitarian rights, women’s rights and war victims to name some; his contribution in anti-torture law, criminalization of forced hymen examinations in penal code. Legislation for civilian protection in armed conflicts for Afghan security forces and training war victims to register FRCR for ICC intervention in Afghanistan.
Bakhteyari has served in AIHRC and had scientific collaborations with IDLO, UN-WOMEN, UNAMA and WHO. He has published many scientific reports and manuals for different groups. His books are as following:
- Truth seeking and the role of forensic science – first value
- Truth seeking and the role of forensic science – second value
- Virginity testing from scientific, legal and scientific perspectives
- Protection of war victims in international, comparative law and Afghanistan law
- Introduction to the International Criminal court
General Zarghoona Sarmast has graduated from sharia faculty of Kabul University. Currently, she is director of monitoring law enforcement in courts and detentions in the Attorney-general. She has also served in the department for special prosecutors in National Security Agency. In addition, she was in charge of high committee for Afghan prosecutors association.
General Sarmast has served as a prosecutor in detective and investigatory departments of Attorney-general. She has been a police prosecutor in ministry of interior affairs.
She has been a partner for global rise agency in violence against women and a liaison between parliament and civil society and a member of Kabul citizens’ association.
Mohammad Ehsan Qaane
Mohammad Ehsan Qaane holds a Masters of Law on Public International Law from the Kateb University. Currently he works for Afghanistan Analysts Network as a Legal and Political Affairs Researcher.
Mr Qaane worked with the International Criminal Court (ICC) as a Visiting Professional for six months in 2015 and 2016. He wrote a paper for the International Nuremberg Principles Academy on the ICC Complementarity concerning Afghanistan.
Mr Qaane also had cooperation with the War Crimes Office in the Afghanistan Documentation Project, which is an online library about human rights situation in Afghanistan.
Prior to AAN, Mr Qaane served as the National Coordinator for the International Center for Transitional Justice’s (ICTJ) Afghanistan Program, from 2010 to 2012. He was responsible for ICTJ’s in country programming including civil society networking and working with victims’ organizations and human rights documentation.
Mr Qaane has also served as a member of the research team with the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), assisting with the forthcoming conflict-mapping report, the first Afghan-led documentation of human rights violations from 1978-2001.
Mr Qaane served as a senior trainer for human rights and transitional justice with the Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN), an umbrella organization for civil society groups focused on human rights and rule of law in Afghanistan. Mr Qaane is a co-founder of Transitional Justice Coordination Group, a group of 28 civil society activists and organisations.