AFSO is an independent, non-political, non-governmental and non-profit organization founded in 2011 to promote the use of forensic science in Afghanistan. FSO is registered with the Ministry of Economy of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
In 2010, eighteen (18) professionals from the Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), the Legal Medicine Department (LMD), archaeologists from the Ministry of Culture and Information, and civil society organizations participated in a five-week training course in basic crime scene documentation and human osteology, conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR). Following the completion of this course, participants mobilized to form AFSO: a non-government and non-profit organization registered with Afghanistan’s Ministry of Economy in 2011. Since then, AFSO has been working to fulfill its mandate to document, protect and preserve Afghanistan’s mass graves.
More recently AFSO has expanded its work to include education and advocacy on the full range of forensic issues, including the production by AFSO Director Ashraf Bakhteyari of a 1700 page training manual on forensic science in Dari. In February 2015, AFSO formed a partnership with Gawharshad University and is now based inside the university.
AFSO continues to have a valuable partnership with PHR, thereby benefiting from access to internationally renowned forensic experts.